Medical Assessment Medical Assessment

Common Conditions Assessed/Diagnosed:

  • Acromegaly
  • Acute Intermittent Porphyria (AIP)
  • Acute Renal Failure
  • Acute Stress Disorder
  • Addison's Disease
  • Adrenal Disease
  • Adult ADHD (ADD)
  • Agoraphobia
  • Akathisia
  • Alopecia Areata
  • Alopecia Secondary To Childbirth
  • Alopecia-Male Pattern Baldness
  • Alopecia-Medication-induced
  • Alopecia-Traction
  • Alport Syndrome
  • Alzheimer's
  • Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis (ALS)
  • Anemia
  • Angina Unstable
  • Ankylosing Spondylitis
  • Anorexia Nervosa
  • Anorgasmia
  • Antisocial Personality Disorder
  • Anxiety Disorder
  • Aortic Aneurysm
  • Arsenic Toxicity
  • Arthritis
  • Arthritis-Cervical
  • Arthritis-Osteoarthritis
  • Arthritis-Rheumatoid
  • Asperger's Syndrome
  • Asthma
  • Atypical Depression
  • Avoidant Personality Disorder
  • B12 Deficiency
  • Bile Duct Obstruction
  • Binge Eating Disorder
  • Bipolar
  • Bipolar-Irritability
  • Bladder Disorder
  • Blood In The Urine
  • Body Dysmorphic Disorder
  • Body Fluid Change
  • Borderline Personality Disorder
  • Bronchiectasis
  • Bronchitis
  • Cancer
  • Cancer-Prostate
  • Cancer-Renal Cell Carcinoma
  • Carbon Monoxide Poisoning
  • Carcinoid
  • Cataract
  • Cerebellar Disease
  • Cervical Spondylosis
  • Charles Bonnet Syndrome
  • Choledocholithiasis
  • Chronic Fatigue Syndrome
  • Chronic Kidney Failure (CKD)
  • Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD)
  • Chronic Pain
  • Cluster Headache
  • Cocaine Dependence In Remission
  • Conduct Disorder
  • Congestive Heart Failure (CHF)
  • Conversion Disorder
  • Creutzfeldt-Jakob
  • Crohn's Disease Or Regional Enteritis
  • Cushing's Disease
  • Dehydration
  • Delirium
  • Delusional Disorder
  • Delusional Erotomania
  • Delusional Jealousy
  • Dementia
  • Dependent Personality
  • Depersonalization Disorder
  • Depression
  • Depression-Bereavement
  • Dermatopolymyositis
  • Diabetes Insipidus
  • Diabetes Mellitus
  • Diarrhea
  • Disruptive Behavior Disorder
  • Dissociative Identity Disorder
  • Dyspareunia
  • Dysthymia
  • Eating Disorder
  • Eating-Bulimia
  • Eating-Laxative/Diuretic Abuse
  • Edema
  • Erectile Dysfunction
  • Erosive Esophagitis
  • Essential Tremor
  • Estrogen Related Hair Growth
  • Factitious Disorder
  • Fainting
  • Fatigue
  • Female Pattern Baldness
  • Fibromyalgia
  • Flushing
  • Folic Acid Deficiency
  • Food Allergy
  • Friedreich\'s Ataxia
  • Gallbladder Disease
  • Gastric Or Peptic Ulcer
  • Gastroesophageal Reflux Disease (GERD)
  • Gender Identity Disorder
  • Generalized Anxiety Disorder
  • Glaucoma
  • Gluten-Celiac Disease
  • Gout
  • Hallucinations
  • Headache
  • Headache-Chronic Daily Headache
  • Headache-Migraine Probable
  • Headache-Migraine Status
  • Headache-Migraine With Aura
  • Headache-Migraine Without Aura
  • Headache-Migraine-Retinal
  • Headache-Psychogenic
  • Hearing Problem
  • Hearing-Tinnitus
  • Heart Disease
  • Heavy Tobacco Smoker
  • Hemochromatosis
  • Histrionic Personality
  • HIV Infection
  • Huntington's Disease
  • Hyperaldosteronism
  • Hyperparathyroidism
  • Hypersomnia
  • Hyperthyroidism
  • Hypoactive Sexual Desire
  • Hypochondriasis
  • Hypoglycemia
  • Hypogonadism
  • Hypopituitarism
  • Hypothyroidism
  • Hypothyroidism
  • Impulse Control Disorder
  • Insomnia
  • Intermittent Claudication
  • Intermittent Explosive Disorder
  • Irritable Bowel Syndrome (IBS)
  • Kidney Disease
  • Kidney Stone
  • Kidney-Renal Failure
  • Kleine-Levin Syndrome
  • Knee Pain
  • Labyrinthitis Acute
  • Lactase Deficiency
  • Lactose Intolerance
  • Lead Toxicity
  • Learning Disorder
  • Lewy Body Dementia
  • Liver Cirrhosis
  • Liver Disease
  • Lupus Erythematosus
  • Lyme Disease
  • Malabsorption
  • Malnutrition
  • Manganese Toxicity
  • Meniere's Disease
  • Menopause
  • Menopause-early
  • Menopause-perimenopause
  • Mercury Toxicity
  • Metabolic Syndrome
  • Migraine Headache
  • Movement Disorder
  • Multiple Sclerosis
  • Myasthenia Gravis
  • Narcissistic Personality
  • Narcolepsy
  • Neurodermatitis
  • Neurofibromatosis
  • Neurofibromatosis-I
  • Neurofibromatosis-II
  • Neuroleptic Malignant Syndrome
  • Night Eating Syndrome
  • Night Sweats
  • Nightmare Disorder
  • Nose Bleed
  • Nutrition-Iron Deficiency
  • Obsessive-compulsive Disorder (OCD)
  • OCD Personality
  • Orgasmic Disorder
  • Orgasmic Disorder-Female
  • Orgasmic Disorder-males
  • Overactive Bladder
  • Pain Abdominal Chronic
  • Pain Disorder
  • Pain-Abdominal
  • Pancreatic Disease
  • Pancreatitis
  • Panic Attacks
  • Paranoid Personality
  • Paraphilia
  • Parkinson's Disease
  • Pathological Gambling
  • Pelvic Inflammatory Disease (PID)
  • Pericarditis
  • Periodic Limb Movement Disorder
  • Peripheral Neuropathy
  • Personality Disorder
  • Pheochromocytoma
  • Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome
  • Polydipsia
  • Polydipsia Psychogenic
  • Polymyalgia Rheumatica
  • Porphyria
  • Post-traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD)
  • Postpartum Pituitary Necrosis (Sheehan's Syndrome)
  • Premenstrual Dysphoric Disorder
  • Primary Biliary Cirrhosis
  • Prostate Disease
  • Pseudobular Affect
  • Pseudoparkinsonism
  • PSY-Suicide
  • Pulmonary Embolism
  • Pyelonephritis
  • Pyromania
  • Reactive Depression
  • REM Sleep Behavior Disorder
  • Restless Legs Syndrome
  • Salpingitis
  • Sarcoidosis
  • Schizoaffective Disorder
  • Schizoid Personality
  • Schizophrenia
  • Schizotypal Personality
  • Seasonal Affective Disorder
  • Seizure Disorder
  • Selenium Toxicity
  • Sex-Sexual Dysfunction
  • Sex-Substance-induced Sexual Dysfunction
  • Sexual Arousal Disorder-Females
  • Shared Psychotic Disorder
  • Shoulder Pain
  • Shy-Drager Syndrome
  • Simple Phobia
  • Sinus Headache
  • Sinusitis
  • Sleep Apnea
  • Sleep Disorder
  • Sleep Terror Disorder
  • Sleep-Nocturia
  • Sleep-related Eating Disorder
  • Sleepwalking
  • Social Phobia (Social Anxiety)
  • Somatization
  • Somatoform Disorder
  • Stress
  • Stroke
  • Stroke
  • Substance-Alcohol Abuse
  • Substance-Alcohol Dependence
  • Substance-Alcohol Dependence In Remission
  • Substance-Alcohol Use Disorder
  • Substance-Amphetamine Abuse
  • Substance-Amphetamine Dependence
  • Substance-Amphetamine Dependence In Remission
  • Substance-Barbiturate Abuse
  • Substance-Barbiturate Dependence
  • Substance-Barbiturate Use
  • Substance-Benzodiazepine Abuse
  • Substance-Benzodiazepine Dependence
  • Substance-Benzodiazepine Dependence In Remission
  • Substance-Benzodiazepine Use
  • Substance-Caffeine Dependence
  • Substance-Caffeine Intoxication
  • Substance-Caffeine-induced Sleep Disorder
  • Substance-Cocaine Abuse
  • Substance-Cocaine Dependence
  • Substance-Heroin Abuse
  • Substance-Heroin Dependence
  • Substance-Heroin In Remission
  • Substance-Inhalant Abuse
  • Substance-Inhalant Dependence
  • Substance-Inhalant Dependence In Remission
  • Substance-LSD Abuse
  • Substance-LSD Dependence
  • Substance-LSD Dependence In Remission
  • Substance-Marijuana Abuse
  • Substance-Marijuana Dependence
  • Substance-Marijuana Dependence In Remission
  • Substance-Meprobamate Abuse
  • Substance-Meprobamate Dependence
  • Substance-Meprobamate Dependence In Remission
  • Substance-Meprobamate Use
  • Substance-Mescaline Abuse
  • Substance-Mescaline Dependence
  • Substance-Mescaline Dependence In Remission
  • Substance-Opioid Abuse
  • Substance-Opioid Dependence
  • Substance-Opioid Dependence In Remission
  • Substance-PCP Abuse
  • Substance-PCP Dependence
  • Substance-PCP Dependence In Remission
  • Substance-Peyote Abuse
  • Substance-Peyote Dependence
  • Substance-Peyote Dependence In Remission
  • Substance-Sedatives-hypnotics-Dependence In Remission
  • Substance-Tobacco Abuse
  • Substance-Tobacco Dependence
  • Substance-Tobacco Related Illness
  • Substance-Tobacco Use Disorder
  • Syphilis
  • Syringomyelia
  • Systemic Lupus Erythematosus (SLE)
  • Tardive Dyskinesia
  • Tellurium Toxicity
  • Temporal Arteritis
  • Tension Headache
  • Thallium Toxicity
  • Thought Disorder
  • Thyroiditis
  • Tic Disorder
  • Tonic-clonic Seizures
  • Tourette's Disorder
  • Transient Ischemic Attack (TIA)
  • Trichotillomania
  • Trigeminal Neuralgia
  • Tropical Sprue
  • Tuberculosis
  • Ulcer-Zollinger-Ellison Syndrome
  • Ulcers
  • Urinary Incontinence
  • Vascular Dementia
  • Vasovagal Blackout
  • Venous Thrombosis (DVT)
  • Vertigo Toxin-induced
  • Vertigo-Benign Positional
  • Vertigo-Central
  • Vertigo-Medication-induced
  • Vertigo-Peripheral
  • Vestibular Neuritis
  • Vitamin D Deficiency
  • Weight Change
  • Weight Gain
  • Wilson's Disease (hepatolenticular Degeneration)
  • Validity of Computerized Medical Assessments

    Below is a list of research articles printed in peer-reviewed journals that looked at computer-administered evaluations and assessment instruments.

    Underutilization of information and knowledge in everyday medical practice: evaluation of a computer-based solution.

    BMC Med Inform Decis Mak. 2008 Nov 5;8:50. Zakim D

    "The medical history is acknowledged as the sine qua non for quality medical care because recognizing problems is pre-requisite for managing them. Medical histories typically are incomplete and inaccurate, however. We show here that computers are a solution to this issue of information gathering about patients. Computers can be programmed to acquire more complete medical histories with greater detail across a range of acute and chronic issues than physician histories...Histories were acquired by physicians in the usual way and by a computer program interacting directly with patients. Decision-making of what medical issues were queried by computer were made internally by the software, including determination of the chief complaint. The data show that computer histories reported problems across a range of organ systems, that the problems detected by computer but not physician histories were both acute and chronic and that the computer histories detected a significant number of issues important for preventing further morbidity... CONCLUSION: A combination of physician and computer-acquired histories, in non-emergent situations, with the latter available to the physician at the time he or she sees the patient, is a far superior method for collecting historical data than the physician interview alone."


    Computer-administered interviews and rating scales.

    Psychol Assess. 2007 Mar;19(1):4-13.
    Garb HN.

    "Computer-administered evaluations are more comprehensive and reliable and less biased than evaluations routinely conducted in clinical practice"..."However, the use of computer-administered interviews and rating scales will sometimes lead to false positive diagnoses, and for this reason, it is recommended that computer assessment be combined with clinical judgment."

    Effects of computerized clinical decision support systems on practitioner performance and patient outcomes: a systematic review

    JAMA. 2005 Mar 9;293(10):1223-38.
    Garg AX.

    "DATA SYNTHESIS: One hundred studies met our inclusion criteria...The number and methodologic quality of studies improved over time. The computerized clinical decision support systems improved practitioner performance in 62 (64%) of the 97 studies assessing this outcome, including 4 (40%) of 10 diagnostic systems, 16 (76%) of 21 reminder systems, 23 (62%) of 37 disease management systems, and 19 (66%) of 29 drug-dosing or prescribing systems. Fifty-two trials assessed 1 or more patient outcomes, of which 7 trials (13%) reported improvements... CONCLUSIONS: Many computerized clinical decision support systems improve healthcare practitioner performance."

    Standardized rating scales in Psychiatry: Methodological basis, their possibilities and limitations and descriptions of important rating scales.

    World J Biol Psychiatry. 2008 Jul 29:1-21.
    Moller HJ.

    "Standardized rating scales are an important tool to improve the assessment of psychopathological symptoms in terms of validity and reliability."


    The Personality Inventory Scales: a self-rating clinical instrument for diagnosis of personality disorder.

    Psychol Rep. 1991 Dec;69(3 Pt 2):1235-46
    Burgess JW.

    "restating DSM diagnostic criteria in everyday language, rewording the resulting statements in the form of True/False questions" is a useful accompaniment to the diagnostic interview in clinical settings and for research into personality structure and personality disorders."


    Psychological testing and psychological assessment: A review of evidence and issues.

    American Psychologist. Vol 56(2), Feb 2001, 128-165.
    Meyer GJ.

    "general conclusions: (a) Psychological test validity is strong and compelling, (b) psychological test validity is comparable to medical test validity, (c) distinct assessment methods provide unique sources of information, and (d) clinicians who rely exclusively on (face-to-face) interviews are prone to incomplete understandings."


    Computer Aids to Mental Health Care.

    Can J Psychiatry 1999;44:548-555
    Marks I.

    "Patients often find it easier to disclose sensitive information to a computer system, "particularly regarding alcohol and drugs, sexual behavior, HIV risk factors, diet, and suicidal ideas."


    A computer-administered telephone interview to identify mental disorders.

    JAMA 1997;278:905-10.
    Kobak KA,

    "(Computer-administered evaluations are) a valid way to improve primary care."


    Minds and machines: interactive voice response technology to detect mental disorders.

    JAMA 1997;278:945-6.
    Glass RM.

    "(Computer-administered evaluations are) a valid way to surpass the usual low rate of detection of mental disorders."


    Computer-administered clinical rating scales; A review.

    Psychopharmacology Volume 127, Number 4 / October, 1996, 291-301
    Kobak KA.

    "When used in accordance with established ethical guidelines, computers offer a reliable, inexpensive, accessible, and time-efficient means of assessing psychiatric symptoms."


    Assessing psychiatric disorder with a human interviewer or a computer.

    J Epidemiol Community Health 1994;48:207-10.
    Lewis G.

    "A computer-screen system for self-assessment of neurotic disorders in primary care provided similar results for psychiatric morbidity as did an identical human assessment."


    A comparison of two computer-administered versions of the NIMH Diagnostic Interview Schedule.

    J Psychiatr Res 1992;26:85-95.
    Erdman HP.

    "Subjects felt less embarrassed with the computer than with a clinician but said they could describe their feelings better to a human."


    Comparison of computerized self-rating scales for depression with conventional observer ratings.

    Acta Psychiatr Scand. 1985 Mar;71(3):315-7
    Ancill RJ.

    "results demonstrate that self-rating using a microcomputer can provide a clinically useful tool in assessing the severity of depressive illness and monitoring progress with treatment."


    Assessment of suicide risk by computer-delivered self-rating questionnaire: preliminary findings.

    Acta Psychiatr Scand 1985: 71:315-317. 1987:15O:145-153.
    RJ Ancill, D Rogers, AC Carr

    "The computer appeared to be a better predictor of suicidality than the interview by the clinician."



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